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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 129-134

Modified learning of basic life support courses enhance attitude among professional healthcare students in Indonesia


1 Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia
2 Conservative Department. Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia
3 Oral Medicine Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia
4 Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Trisakti, Indonesia
5 Faculty of Dentistry, Thammasat University, Phatumtani, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Wiwiek Poedjiastoeti
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Trisakti
Indonesia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/SDJ.SDJ_39_22

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Background: Cardiovascular disease is one of the main causes of death worldwide. Basic life support (BLS) actions such as adequate cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the provision of an automated external defibrillator (AED) may handle such a medical emergency. BLS is included in the curriculum for students in healthcare-related areas; hence, healthcare practitioners are required to execute BLS competently. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the most effective learning methods implemented in Indonesian higher education institutions. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with health science, medical, and dental students from 22 Indonesian universities. In this investigation, a validated questionnaire with 33 items was provided (20 knowledge- and 13 attitude-related items). Data were analyzed using the Kruskal–Wallis’s test. Result: Among the participants, 98.2% (982 subjects) had BLS learning in their curricula. Types of BLS learning included the combination of theory, demonstration, and mannequins; combination of theory and demonstration; and theory (72.9%, 14.9%, and 12.2%, respectively). Most participants were categorized as having high knowledge (92.6%) and high attitude (98.7%). A significant correlation between knowledge and attitude toward BLS among health science students in Indonesia was observed (P < 0.05). The BLS learning type with the combination of theory, demonstration, and mannequins exhibited the highest rank (P = 0.000). Conclusion: An effective BLS learning method includes the provision of theory followed by demonstrations and hands-on trials on mannequins by students in the health sector according to the curriculum.


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