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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 81-84

The rational use of antibiotics by dentists for odontogenic infection treatment in kupang, East Nusa Tenggara

Department of Dental Nursing, Polytechnic School of Health, Indonesia Ministry of Health, Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manginar Sidabutar
Tidar IV Street, No. 10 RT: 52 RW: 16, Oesapa, Kelapa Lima, Kupang East Nusa Tenggara
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/SDJ.SDJ_26_19

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Background: Many odontogenic infection cases do not need antibiotic prescriptions. The excessive use of antibiotics can lead to microbial resistance. Objective: This study aims to acknowledge the rationale and varieties of antibiotic prescriptions in odontogenic infection treatment by dentists. Methods: Data were collected from 513 patients' medical records from the provincial public hospital and district public health center (PHC), Kupang City, from January to June 2016. The variables of this study were odontogenic infections treated with antibiotic therapy and the span of that antibiotic therapy. Results: Antibiotic use was not required in odontogenic infection cases: periapical abscess (27%), nonsurgery tooth extraction (20.7%), apical periodontitis (17.3%), and pulpitis (15%). Amoxicillin (76%) and clindamycin (12%) are widely used in odontogenic infection treatment. Based on the duration of therapy, it was found that the use of amoxicillin was 44% and clindamycin was 34%. Conclusion: Excessive antibiotic use is done by general dental practitioners in the treatment of odontogenic infection. Strict rules for antibiotic prescription are needed to prevent antibiotic resistance.

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